Medical,Health care 3d printing and prototypes
Healthcare encompasses diagnosis, prevention and cure of an illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.Today, healthcare field advances employing several futuristic technologies to offer superior services.
Engineering and technology are being widely used to enhance healthcare systems and solutions, particularly in the fields of prosthetics and intricate surgeries, telemedicine, and nanomedicine.
Research and development in the fields of bionics, biomimetic, and bio-inspired materials and solutions have enabled healthcare professionals to improve the lives and lifestyles of human beings in multiple ways.
Transformation 3D Printing technology brings
Health care is relatively a new domain for rapid prototyping technology to tap. But there is a huge scope for 3D printing to make a difference in this realm majorly in:
- Surgical planning
- Medical device components
3D Printing technology can be applied to produce anatomical parts which are life-saving in perilous situations. Models of human organs can help in study of organs with intricate interiors like heart, brain, bones and joints. Customized medical devices and health care accessories are achievable using 3D Printing. 3D Printed anatomical parts help the surgeons to detect the problem and plan the surgery in a better way. This can also greatly help the doctors in conveying medical condition of the patient.
Usage of 3D printing in surgical planning and implantation
3D Printing Technology greatly improves precision, reliability, and reproducibility in surgeries with the help of 3D models.
3D printing gives the surgeon a unique opportunity to plan and simulate surgery on a patient-specific 3D surgical model fabricated from the corresponding medical image/scan of the patient, such as CT or MRI.
3D models can help plan an implant placement precisely, simulate a surgery in real-time meticulously, and reduce the possibility of fracture and injury. They can be used as ready-reference models intra-operatively for implementing flawless surgeries.
At Build Protos, we have 3D-printed an eye socket for prosthetic use in a patient. The availability of a life-size 3D model also helped the surgeon in pre-operative planning and implanting the 3D socket.
How is it done?
Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) is a standard for handling, storing, printing, and transmitting information in medical imaging. DICOM files consist of digitized information obtained using MRI, CT or PET-CT scans of the patients.
These DICOM files of medical data are converted into 3D design models into formats such as OBJ or STL recognized by standard 3D printers. Printer software applications enable making any final repairs to the 3D mesh and cleaning up before printing the 3D prototypes from the design files. Thus, DICOM files can help create 3D models through 3D Printing Technology.